“The child, with their enormous physical and intellectual potential, is a miracle in front of us. This fact should be transmitted to all parents, educators and others interested in children, because education from the beginning of life could really change the present and future of society.” María Montessori
The basic principles of the Montessori method are:
- The Child’s Absorbent Mind: Children’s minds have a wonderful and unique ability: the ability to acquire knowledge absorbing everything happening around them. They learn everything unconsciously, endlessly, just by living, and gradually go from this unconsciousness to consciousness.
- Sensitive Periods: Sensitive periods are periods in which children can acquire a skill and strengthen learning easily. These are specific sensitivities at given ages allowing children to interact with the external world and absorb everything from it.
- The Prepared Environment: This means an environment that is carefully organised for the child, designed to encourage self-learning, growth, and self-correction. It will help develop the children’s social, emotional and intellectual aspects, as well as tending to their needs for order and security. The features of the Prepared Environment allow the development of the child without constant assistance and supervision by an adult.
The design of these environments is based on the principles of simplicity, beauty and order. Spaces are bright and warm, including language, plants, art, music and books. The room is organised in work areas, fitted with tables adapted to the size of children and large areas for working on the ground. Shelves with materials belonging to each development area surround each of these sections. The materials are organised systematically and graded according to their difficulty.
- The Montessori Guide: The role of the adult in the Montessori philosophy is to guide the children and to allow them to get to know their environment respectfully and lovingly, being a conscious observer and constantly learning and growing personally.
The true teacher is at the service of the learner and, therefore, must cultivate humility, walk with the children, learn from them and createa joint community.
- Pitamic, Maja: Teach Me To Do It Myself.
- Montessori, Maria: The Absorbent Mind.
- Montanaro, Silvana: Understanding the Human Being.
- Wild, Rebecca: Education for Being.
- Montessori, Maria: Education for a New World.
- Montessori, Maria: The Child.
- Montessori, Maria: The Montessori Method: scientific pedagogy as applied to the education of children from seven to eleven years.
- Montessori, Maria:The Child in the Family.